Publications


Here are selected publications most of which were authored or co-authored by our principle consultants. Select one of the following categories below to view and download related publications.


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Now showing: Renewable Energy Policy

The Intersection between Carbon, RECs, and Tracking:Accounting and Tracking the Carbon Attributes of Renewable Energy
Both carbon offsets and renewable energy certificates (RECs) are used as ways to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. As these marketplaces grow, it is important to examine how they overlap and avoid any double counting of carbon benefits or claims. This paper examines REC tracking systems, GHG project registries, and GHG inventory systems.
Author: ETNNA/Jan Hamrin
Date: 2010-02-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 26, 0.41Mb
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System Changes to Serve a Federal Electricity Standard - White Paper
The purpose of this paper is to anticipate what would be needed to adapt the existing and emerging state/regional tracking systems to serve a federal renewable electricity standard (RES), also known as a renewable portfolio standard (RPS), should such a policy be approved by Congress.
Author: Jan Hamrin
Date: 2009-09-13
Report Type: Presentation
Pages: 9, 0.09Mb
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Renewable Energy as a Hedge Against Fuel Price Fluctuation: How to Capture the Benefits
This paper demonstrates the benefits of renewable energy as a hedge against electricity market fuel price fluctuation. It considers how regulators and electricity customers may address this opportunity either as a socialized cost/benefit scenario (by including renewable energy in the rate base), on an individual customer basis (through green pricing options that convey price stability benefits, via on-site installation of renewable energy generation technology under different business models, and through fuel switching), or through several approaches simultaneously.
Author: Dan Lieberman, Siobhan Doherty
Date: 2008-09-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 52, 0.87Mb
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Review of the Role of Renewable Energy in Global Energy Scenarios
Our energy future is the result of choice, not fate. Energy scenarios are analytical tools that describe our future energy supply and help decision-makers evaluate the available options and potential implications of their choices. However, to be useful scenarios need to provide a broad range of energy options and include explicit data with regard to their assumptions. This report, commissioned by the International Energy Agency, explains why certain global energy scenarios contain larger shares of renewable energy than others, identifies key assumptions and recommends appropriate settings for assumptions critical to the role of renewable energy that might be used in future global energy scenarios.
Author: Jan Hamrin, Holmes Hummel, Rachael Canapa
Date: 2007-06-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 91, 2.15Mb
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The Potential for Energy Savings Certificates (ESC) as a Major Tool in Greenhouse Gas Reduction Programs
In existing cap-and-trade schemes, there is a need for effective energy efficiency measurement and verification programs, along with a credible tracking system that guards against double counting and identifies measures that meet "additionality" criteria. Energy savings certificates (ESCs), it is argued, may be the necessary tool to make this link. ESCs may be particularly useful to attract investment in hard-to-reach sectors (such as rental buildings, and weatherization in low-income communities) as well as to attract investment in energy efficiency measures with long paybacks that have been slow to enter into the market.
Author: Jan Hamrin, Edward Vine, Amber Sharick
Date: 2007-05-24
Report Type: Report
Pages: 109, 1.07Mb
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Fostering Renewable Electricity Markets in North America
The paper, prepared for the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, provides an overview of the key market demand and supply-side drivers for renewable electricity in each of the three North American countries. It identifies regulatory mandates, voluntary purchases, self-supply and financial incentives as the most important drivers of a renewable electricity market. The paper also explores the opportunities for growing the renewable electricity market and provides recommendations for the market overall and for the Parties of the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) to help foster a North American renewable electricity future.
Author: Meredith Wingate, Claudio Alatorre, Jan Hamrin, Lars Kvale
Date: 2007-04-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 86, 0.73Mb
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Regulator's Handbook on Renewable Energy Programs & Tariffs
This handbook is a reference guide for regulators involved in the design of renewable energy programs. Written with a specific focus on tariff setting, it suggests best practices for designing renewable energy programs and highlights success stories in a series of case studies. It is divided into sections that can be read sequentially or referred to individually when particular issues arise. Key issues discussed in this Handbook include: Green Pricing; Check-off Programs; Community Aggregation; Renewable Portfolio Standards; Public Benefits Funds; and Net Metering.
Author: Jan Hamrin, Dan Lieberman, Meredith Wingate
Date: 2006-03-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 76, 0.59Mb
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Achieving a 33% Renewable Energy Target
This report, commissioned by the California Public Utilities Commission and funded by the Energy Foundation, assesses how to accelerate and expand the current CPUC Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) and related programs to achieve the Governor's goal of meeting 33 percent of statewide electric power supply with renewable energy by 2020. It identifies what the CPUC can do within the scope of its current jurisdiction and what changes in law are needed to expand renewables to meet the Governor's goal.
Author: Jan Hamrin, Ray Dracker, Jennifer Martin, Ryan Wiser, Kevin Porter, David Clement, Mark Bolinger
Date: 2005-11-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 181, 2.41Mb
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Lessons Learned for Integrating Renewables into Greenhouse Gas Trading Programs
Reviews the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) process and outlines lessons learned for incorporating renewable energy and specifically the voluntary renewable energy market into greenhouse cap-and-trade regimes. Draws conclusions about greenhouse gas reduction efforts in general and key elements in their success or failure.
Author: Center for Resource Solutions
Date: 2005-10-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 21, 0.16Mb
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International Tax Incentives for Renewable Energy: Lessons for Public Policy
Discusses a variety of tax incentives introduced as policy tools in 29 countries and 35 US states, offering lessons based on international experience with these tax incentive programs. Prepared for the Energy Foundation China Sustainable Energy Program.
Author: David Clement, Matthew Lehman, Jan Hamrin, Ryan Wiser
Date: 2005-06-17
Report Type: Report
Pages: 27, 0.11Mb
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International Experience with Public Benefits Funds: A Focus on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
Summarizes international experience with Public Benefit Fund (PBF) policies that target renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) investments, and identifies lessons learned from these experiences that are applicable to the Chinese context.
Author: Ryan Wiser, Catherine Murray, Jan Hamrin, Rick Weston
Date: 2003-10-16
Report Type: Report
Pages: 100, 0.76Mb
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North American Association of Issuing Bodies Conceptual Model
Proposes the formation of an organization for the central tracking of renewables certificates in North America, and makes recommendations for the structure and responsibilities of such a body. The overarching goal of such an organization will be to facilitate the creation of the minimum standards and protocols that ensure compatibility between systems issuing and tracking renewable certificates.
Author: Center for Resource Solutions
Date: 2003-09-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 3, 0.31Mb
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The Potential for Using a Renewable Certificate System to Encourage Renewable Energy Development in Mexico
Report to the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation, examining the technical, legal and economic issues involved in developing a North American market for tradable renewable energy certificates (TRCs) from Mexico. Assesses both the feasibility of using TRCs to encourage the development of renewable energy in Mexico, and the challenges and opportunities associated with building a North American certificate-trading scheme.
Author: Jan Hamrin, Meredith Wingate, Laura Campbell
Date: 2003-06-15
Report Type: Report
Pages: 78, 0.59Mb
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Regulator's Handbook on Tradable Renewable Certificates
As markets for green power develop, regulators must ensure that these markets function in an effective manner. Consumers must have confidence in the integrity of the product claims. Developers and purchasers of renewable resources must have a platform for transparent and fluid transactions. This Handbook will facilitate the development of these markets. This Handbook provides information to regulators, state energy offices, Attorneys General and consumer advocates regarding the development of the rapidly growing TRC market in the US and worldwide and identifies regulatory issues that would benefit from further discussion and recommendations from the regulatory community
Author: Jan Hamrin, Meredith Wingate
Date: 2003-06-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 135, 0.98Mb
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Project Development and Public Policies: Feed-in Tariffs, Green Pricing, PBF, RPS
Identifies the most common elements of renewable energy (RE) project development and how they have been applied with various types of policy approaches, and points out the critical factors affecting their use. Discussion limited to larger (1 MW), grid-connected facilities.
Author: Center for Resource Solutions
Date: 2002-06-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 11, 0.11Mb
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Renewable Energy Policy Options for China: A Comparison of Renewable Portfolio Standards, Feed-in Tariffs, and Tendering Policies
Reviews US and EU experiences with feed-in policies, tendering, and renewable portfolio standards, and compares the relative merits and disadvantages of each approach both generically and for application in China.
Author: Ryan Wiser, Jan Hamrin, Meredith Wingate
Date: 2002-06-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 16, 0.16Mb
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Developing a Framework for Tradable Renewable Certificates
Investigates the potential for coordination between existing voluntary and mandatory tracking and verification regimes for tradable renewable certificates (TRCs) in the US. Provides recommendations for the development of a national network to track and verify certificates, with the underlying assumption that the development of a coordinated US network for tracking and verifying TRCs will build consumer confidence, eliminate the potential for double counting of TRCs, and accelerate the market for renewable energy more generally. Prepared for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
Author: Jan Hamrin, Meredith Wingate
Date: 2002-05-19
Report Type: Report
Pages: 70, 0.92Mb
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Renewable Energy for California: Benefits, Status, and Potential
This report discusses the importance of renewable energy to Californian's concerned about price, reliability and environmental quality and estimates future potential for renewable energy in California.
Author: Fredric Beck, Jan Hamrin, Kirk Brown, Richard Sedano, Virinder Singh
Date: 2002-03-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 48, 0.74Mb
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Capacity and Energy Based RPS Policies
Reviews the relative merits and disadvantages of various ways to apply an RPS to affected electricity suppliers, with particular emphasis on the complexities of applying a capacity-based renewable energy purchase obligation. Includes a review of the Texas experience with this approach.
Author: Center for Resource Solutions
Date: 2001-05-19
Report Type: Report
Pages: 4, 0.03Mb
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Interaction Between RPS and SBC Policies
Discusses the linkages and relationships between Renewables Portfolio Standard (RPS) and Systems Benefit Charge (SBC) policies in place in particular US states, to explore possible combinations of these two policies in China.
Author: Center for Resource Solutions
Date: 2001-05-19
Report Type: Report
Pages: 5, 0.03Mb
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How We Got into the California Energy Crisis
This paper traces the little-known historical origins of California's current electricity crisis. The lack of electricity supply is due to unrealized utility and Energy Commission forecasts for conservation and power imports, as well as a FERC decision to stop the planned construction of 1400 MW of renewables and cogeneration plants. The influence of gas deregulation and lack of gas storage by power generators is a critical component of the high electricity prices in the winter of 2000-2001. The price impacts of a regional market-based emissions trading system exacerbated electricity prices for the whole state, and assumptions critical to the success of deregulation turned out not to be fulfilled. In the end, competitive participants acted in their own self-interest, but no one looked out for the public interest.
Author: William Marcus, Jan Hamrin
Date: 2001-02-05
Report Type: Report
Pages: 10, 0.04Mb
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The Renewable Energy Policy Manual
This Manual identifies those issues that are the most relevant to countries that are seeking to attract private capital to their electricity sector, and in particular to the renewable energy sub-sector. In some cases, the relevance of an issue will depend upon the structure of a country's national electric system. In other cases, the issues and recommendations may have more universal application. Where the issues are specifically related to system structure, an attempt has been made to identify the structure that is being discussed and to indicate the applicability of the discussion to countries that incorporate that particular structure.
Author: Mark Lambrides, A. John Armstrong, Esq., Jan Hamrin
Date: 2000-09-13
Report Type: Report
Pages: 141, 0.66Mb
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Designing a Renewables Portfolio Standard: Principles, Design Options, and Implications for China
Details Renewables Portfolio Standard (RPS) design principles that ensure an effective and low-cost RPS, recounts lessons learned from specific case studies, and summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of taking certain paths, with recommendations for a proposed RPS approach in the Chinese context.
Author: Jan Hamrin, Ryan Wiser, Seth Baruch
Date: 2000-01-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 21, 0.08Mb
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