Here are selected publications most of which were authored or co-authored by our principle consultants. Select one of the following categories below to view and download related publications.

Climate and Carbon Policy
Energy Efficiency Policy
International RE Policy
Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Certificates
Renewable Energy Policy
Renewable Energy - Technical Issues
Toolkits and Guidebooks

Now showing: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Certificates

The Intersection between Carbon, RECs, and Tracking:Accounting and Tracking the Carbon Attributes of Renewable Energy
Both carbon offsets and renewable energy certificates (RECs) are used as ways to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. As these marketplaces grow, it is important to examine how they overlap and avoid any double counting of carbon benefits or claims. This paper examines REC tracking systems, GHG project registries, and GHG inventory systems.
Author: ETNNA/Jan Hamrin
Date: 2010-02-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 26, 0.41Mb
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The Potential for Energy Savings Certificates (ESC) as a Major Tool in Greenhouse Gas Reduction Programs
In existing cap-and-trade schemes, there is a need for effective energy efficiency measurement and verification programs, along with a credible tracking system that guards against double counting and identifies measures that meet "additionality" criteria. Energy savings certificates (ESCs), it is argued, may be the necessary tool to make this link. ESCs may be particularly useful to attract investment in hard-to-reach sectors (such as rental buildings, and weatherization in low-income communities) as well as to attract investment in energy efficiency measures with long paybacks that have been slow to enter into the market.
Author: Jan Hamrin, Edward Vine, Amber Sharick
Date: 2007-05-24
Report Type: Report
Pages: 109, 1.07Mb
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Lessons Learned for Integrating Renewables into Greenhouse Gas Trading Programs
Reviews the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) process and outlines lessons learned for incorporating renewable energy and specifically the voluntary renewable energy market into greenhouse cap-and-trade regimes. Draws conclusions about greenhouse gas reduction efforts in general and key elements in their success or failure.
Author: Center for Resource Solutions
Date: 2005-10-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 21, 0.16Mb
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Toward an Integrated North American Market for TRCs
The presentation focuses on renewable energy certificates (TRCs): how they are created, some of the issues and some of the strategies that are being developed to support a broad market for renewables in North America.
Author: Jan Hamrin
Date: 2004-04-01
Report Type: Presentation
Pages: 21, 0.53Mb
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North American Association of Issuing Bodies Conceptual Model
Proposes the formation of an organization for the central tracking of renewables certificates in North America, and makes recommendations for the structure and responsibilities of such a body. The overarching goal of such an organization will be to facilitate the creation of the minimum standards and protocols that ensure compatibility between systems issuing and tracking renewable certificates.
Author: Center for Resource Solutions
Date: 2003-09-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 3, 0.31Mb
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The Potential for Using a Renewable Certificate System to Encourage Renewable Energy Development in Mexico
Report to the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation, examining the technical, legal and economic issues involved in developing a North American market for tradable renewable energy certificates (TRCs) from Mexico. Assesses both the feasibility of using TRCs to encourage the development of renewable energy in Mexico, and the challenges and opportunities associated with building a North American certificate-trading scheme.
Author: Jan Hamrin, Meredith Wingate, Laura Campbell
Date: 2003-06-15
Report Type: Report
Pages: 78, 0.59Mb
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Regulator's Handbook on Tradable Renewable Certificates
As markets for green power develop, regulators must ensure that these markets function in an effective manner. Consumers must have confidence in the integrity of the product claims. Developers and purchasers of renewable resources must have a platform for transparent and fluid transactions. This Handbook will facilitate the development of these markets. This Handbook provides information to regulators, state energy offices, Attorneys General and consumer advocates regarding the development of the rapidly growing TRC market in the US and worldwide and identifies regulatory issues that would benefit from further discussion and recommendations from the regulatory community
Author: Jan Hamrin, Meredith Wingate
Date: 2003-06-01
Report Type: Report
Pages: 135, 0.98Mb
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Developing a Framework for Tradable Renewable Certificates
Investigates the potential for coordination between existing voluntary and mandatory tracking and verification regimes for tradable renewable certificates (TRCs) in the US. Provides recommendations for the development of a national network to track and verify certificates, with the underlying assumption that the development of a coordinated US network for tracking and verifying TRCs will build consumer confidence, eliminate the potential for double counting of TRCs, and accelerate the market for renewable energy more generally. Prepared for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
Author: Jan Hamrin, Meredith Wingate
Date: 2002-05-19
Report Type: Report
Pages: 70, 0.92Mb
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Recommendations for the Development of an American Certificate Tracking and Verification Network
The market for Tradable Renewable Certificates (TRCs) is developing rapidly in the US and Europe. As this market grows, there is increasingly a need for coordination among parties issuing, trading and selling certificates to uphold the integrity of the TRC market. European market participants have formed an Association of Issuing Bodies that fills this role. This paper recommends establishing a similar association in the US that will facilitate coordination between existing issuing and tracking systems. It also includes recommendations for establishing issuing and tracking systems for generators that fall outside of existing tracking regime boundaries.
Author: Jan Hamrin, Meredith Wingate
Date: 2002-05-13
Report Type: Report
Pages: 13, 0.25Mb
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